Aleph Zero Signer integration

Learn how to integrate Aleph Zero Signer into web apps.


In this tutorial, we create a simple web app integrated with the Aleph Zero Signer. This app will:

  • import and display accounts from the Signer;

  • sign a simple transfer transaction using one of those accounts.


Create project

We're using vite to set up the React project.


npm create vite@latest signer-integration -- --template react-ts

You will then be able to start the dev server like this:

cd signer-integration
npm install
npm run dev

Install dependency

Aleph Zero Signer exposes the polkadot.{js} dapp extension library API. You can check out their docs here.

npm install @polkadot/extension-dapp

Check if Signer is injected

First, let's make sure Signer was successfully injected into our website.

If Signer (or any other extension supporting this API) is available, it is added to the window.injectedWeb3 object.

You can test that by running this example:

npm run dev

and, using your browser's developer console, inspect the window.injectedWeb3 object to see if Signer is registered.

Common pitfalls/troubleshooting

  • Signer extension wasn't successfully installed;

  • Signer is disabled;

  • Make sure your site is served from localhost,, or over https:// - Signer isn't injected on other sites served over http://.

Connect to Signer

Now, we will enable injected extensions as the API can handle more than one extension at a time–in our case, it's just the Signer.

We will be using web3Enable - a util function from @polkadot/extension-dapp. It enables the connection and returns a list of all injected extensions.

We're going to call this method in the onClick handler of the 'Connect account' button:

import { web3Enable } from "@polkadot/extension-dapp";

type InjectedExtension = Awaited<ReturnType<typeof web3Enable>>[number];

const [extensions, setExtensions] = useState<InjectedExtension[]>([]);

const loadAccountsFromExtensions = async () => {
  // extension-dapp API: connect to extensions; returns list of injected extensions
  const injectedExtensions = await web3Enable(APP_NAME);


<button onClick={loadAccountsFromExtensions}>
  Connect to extensions

APP_NAME is a string - the name of the app that is trying to connect. This is how your app is going to be represented inside the Signer.

You have to call web3Enable before any other utility functions.

Now, after clicking the button and going through the Your privacy is protected screen, you should see one of these pop-ups:

Add an account to Signer if you haven't already, and make sure you select the checkbox next to it when connecting. Connecting an account means it will be available on a website–we'll be able to get the account information and initiate signing transactions.

You can change connected accounts by going to: settings (top left corner) > Trusted apps > <Your app>

Loading accounts

Now we can use web3Accounts helper function to get all the accounts provided by the Signer:

import { web3Accounts } from "@polkadot/extension-dapp";

type InjectedAccountWithMeta = Awaited<ReturnType<typeof web3Accounts>>[number];

const [accounts, setAccounts] = useState<InjectedAccountWithMeta[]>([]);

// extension-dapp API: get accounts from extensions filtered by name
const accounts = await web3Accounts(
  { extensions: ["aleph-zero-signer"] }


  <h2>Signer accounts</h2>
    {{ address, meta: { name } }) => (
      <li key={address}>
        <strong>{name || "<unknown>"}</strong> {address}

Above, we're filtering to get only the accounts from the Signer, but you might choose to include all accounts.

Transaction: prepare accounts

Since, in this example, we will make transactions on the Aleph Zero Testnet, we will need two accounts and some funds (TZERO). Create a second account in the Signer. Accounts have associated networks, and we want both accounts to have the Aleph Zero Testnet selected. You can either select it in the account creator or change it later in the settings.

We should be able to filter the accounts over the selected network. To that end, web3Accounts has a genesisHash parameter available, and for the Aleph Zero Testnet, we want:

// extension-dapp API: get accounts from extensions filtered by name and chain
const accounts = await web3Accounts({
  extensions: ["aleph-zero-signer"],

Getting the funds

With the accounts ready, we need to set them up with some TZERO (the Aleph Zero Testnet currency). To do so, copy the first account address and paste it into the address field in the Testnet Faucet. You'll need to solve a captcha, and the system will transfer some TZERO to your account. You can check your accounts' balances e.g. in (which, incidentally, is also an example of a Signer integration).

Transaction: set up the API

To create a transaction, we will be using the @polkadot/api library - docs.

npm install @polkadot/api

We'll need to set it up and initialize it using the Aleph Zero Testnet websocket:

import { ApiPromise, WsProvider } from "@polkadot/api";


const API_PROMISE = ApiPromise.create({

const [api, setApi] = useState<ApiPromise>();

useEffect(() => {
}, []);

Transaction: sign a transaction

Next, we are going to sign a simple transfer transaction. For the sake of simplicity, we are going to transfer 50 TZERO from the first account to the second one.

Note that we're using the big number implementation from @polkadot/util to make sure we don't exceed JavaScript's safe integer range.

npm install @polkadot/util

The balance on–chain is kept in pico (1e-12) TZERO, so we need to adjust the transferred value. Instead of hard-coding the units here, we can get this information from the api.

import { web3FromAddress } from "@polkadot/extension-dapp";
import { BN } from "@polkadot/util";

const makeTransfer = async () => {
  const [first, second] = accounts;

  // extension-dapp API: get address's injector
  const firstAddressInjector = await web3FromAddress(first.address);

  const transferAmount = new BN(50);
  const unitAdjustment = new BN(10).pow(new BN(api.registry.chainDecimals[0]));
  const finalAmount = transferAmount.mul(unitAdjustment);

  await api.tx.balances
    .transferAllowDeath(second.address, finalAmount)
    .signAndSend(first.address, { signer: firstAddressInjector.signer });

<button onClick={makeTransfer}>Make transfer</button>;

After clicking the button, you should see the Signer pop-up:

Lastly, you can confirm and check your accounts' balances in

Just because the transaction Promise doesn't throw an exception, it doesn't mean it succeeded - see

Closing remarks

We hope you've enjoyed this tutorial, and now you know how to smoothly integrate your app with the Signer. For other tutorials, head over to If you need any other help, make sure to join our Discord!

Signer icons

Feel free to use those icons when integrating Signer with your app:

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